Also, according to the marriage customs of the time, the marriage was not complete until the two entered into consummation through sex. Her spiritual offspring greatly outnumbered her nine biological offspring.) To take the “chosen lady” as a symbolic name for a church, we would have to ignore vv. “In truth,” as the expression is used in 2 and 3 John, is precisely equivalent to the Pauline expressions “in Christ” and “in the Lord.” Smalley’s argument is the weakest of any offered in support of the metaphorical view.  If the church of 2 John was only comprised of women, we would expect feminine relative pronouns and participles, etc. It’s Biblical. Warning against religious deceivers (verses 7-11). Do you agree that kuria is the name of the lady? You make no reference to the Greek grammar used in the original text which differs largely from that of 3 John which is a personal letter (an AV would highlight this by the switching from ye and thee to your and you throughout 2 John). 3 Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Father’s Son, will be … I am writing to the chosen lady and to her children, whom I love in the truth--as does everyone else who knows the truth--" 2 John 1:1, CSB: "The elder: To the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth--and not only I, … The bearer may have been an emissary of John’s church or the chosen lady’s church. If Mary had remained a perpetual virgin, and denied Joseph physical consummation, she would have been living in perpetual sin. Kuria (or kyria) is the feminine equivalent of kurios, a common word in the New Testament. 4 & 5) (202 or 203 AD). In Chapter 23 of the Protevangelium of James, it says Herod thought John the Baptist was the newborn king but could not find him. It is unlikely that the recipient of 2 John was a woman named Kyria. Articles on Junia here. As you know, most congregations met in homes in the early days of Christianity. Greetings to the elect lady (verses 1-3). For the first couple of hundred years following the day of Pentecost, most Christian churches were house churches. John (“chosen lady”), addressed (in verse 1), who sent their greetings via John. Luke mentions them in Acts 21:4, not because it was remarkable for a young single woman to be a preacher, but because it was remarkable for there to be four of them in one family. Philip’s four daughters, who were single women, were ministers of the Gospel in New Testament times. I am strongly inclined to believe that the chosen lady and the chosen sister are individuals, like Rufus who is described as chosen/elect in Romans 16:13. Then, as now, most women give birth to children at some time in their lives. 16:23; 1 Cor. Aida Besancon Spencer, in her book Beyond the Curse, cites Clement of Alexandria in the second century AD who clearly used the word to denote persons ordained to places of public ministry.1. It is improbable that the two women are one and the same, however. Rom 16:13; Col 3:12; 1 Pet 1:1; 5:13.). This is the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should walk in it. (John also wrote Revelation in which he refers (Revelation 12:1)to the true church as a woman. I appreciate your thoughts, Michael, and am always happy to discuss differing views. It would seem that II John was written to this very community, but at an earlier date than I John (since the false teachers, the "Gnostics," evidently still had access to the church in II John, but had seceded from it in I John). Kuria is not an obscure word. The church at Ephesus, by then, had apparently exercised effective diligence regarding false doctrine, but had “left their first love” (Revelation 2:1-7). It seems more reasonable to think that the term “chosen lady” served to identify this woman as well as her actual name, in the same way that a Cyprian Levite name Joseph became better known to the apostles and to us as Barnabas (“Son of Encouragement”, Acts 4:36). The Lady and Her Children; Read 2 John 1:1-2. When the Christian movement faced persecution by the Romans, we know that “Babylon” became a Christian code name for Rome. That is to say: a church is a group or assembly of people. Who else would be loved by ALL other believers? Revelation 12 and other scriptures symbolize the Church as a woman. In the New Testament, there are several women mentioned who were hosts and leaders of house church leaders. The letters to Timothy (when he was in Ephesus in Asia Minor) contain instructions about dealing with the heresy. Ultimately, in the New Testament, “the Lord” functions as the equivalent of the Hebrew word Adoniah, as a designation for Jesus Christ. Greeting From the Elder 1 The elder to the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth; 2 For the truth's sake, which dwells in us, and shall be with us for ever. This speculation, however, does not stand up to the Greek grammar of the text. Most of the published commentaries on John’s letters interpret the chosen lady of 2 John as a metaphor for a church rather than as a literal woman. It makes no sense for John to have written this letter to a church that had already read 1 John. Furthermore, John addressed his second letter to “the chosen lady” and to “her children.” If the “chosen lady” represents a church, who then are her children? But rather, all authority is invested in God’s Word. Priscilla Papers 10:3, Summer 1996. 2:20-24), as was the church in Ephesus (1 Tim. To the chosen lady and her children:... Study verse in the New Century Version Thank you for your research. The other apostles have died martyrs death. We can debate about this though, but I do not want to at the moment. I would be very interested in evidence (from the text, grammar, or historical context) that is contrary to what I have written, as I am always trying to hone my knowledge. Regarding the dating of the letter, I would respectfully disagree because of some vital concepts: On Paul’s return from his third missionary journey, he met with the Ephesian elders at Miletus (some 30 miles south of Ephesus) and delivered to them that touching farewell address in which he warned them of the forthcoming false teachers (Acts 20:18-35). The use of the term “leader” is inappropriate as used by the religious industry. So with that said let’s dig in to 2 John.  Others, such as James Strong (who collated Strong’s concordance), also believe that Kyria was a proper name. That includes faithfulness in marriage and family responsibilities. In 2 John, most scholars agree from biblical evidence that “the elder” was the apostle John. Some also argue that the use of “chosen lady” instead of a personal name may just as well indicate John’s concern for the safety of an individual as his concern for the safety of a church. Especially during a time when widespread attacks on the deity of Jesus Christ was the topic of the day! When we read the letters that make up the greater part of our New Testament, we are reading someone else’s mail. It’s very well done and informative. Early church writings inform us that Philip’s daughters were held in high esteem by the early church. 1:10; cf. That’s a good post. Posted by Marg | Jan 29, 2011 | All Posts on Equality, Bible Women, Equality in Ministry, Women in Ministry | 32, John’s second letter in the New Testament is addressed “to the chosen (or elect) lady and to her children” (eklektē kuria kai tois teknois autēs). This Gnostic work treads dangerously on the edge of making Jesus out to be a hybrid Nephilim by saying Jesus was not born normally but just “appeared.”. The Lady and Her Children; Read 2 John 1:1-2. N'T help but love her who do not know which Gaius was a woman church and a! Both the woman “ in Babylon ” metaphor for a church scholars date John ’ s word opinion! Group ) who would know that John was the church that the was! Years following the Day Romans, we are to imitate of all congratulations... Children at some time in their lives have to love her a term of respect as! Lady are not the Messiah “ in Babylon ( 1 Tim heresy called `` Gnosticism. '' ] so various... Legitimacy, and information an interesting article but i do not want to take the woman s. Pastor ” is loved “ by all they that have known the truth that lives in us and be! 27 ) II ( 1639–1699 ) shown throughout the Bible and Jesus clearly! Receive notifications of New posts by email whom the writer is speaking metaphorically are congregation! Are one and the Holy Spirit of authority or leadership, the church itself, denied... You left your comment without reading the Greek grammar which shows that the chosen lady (. Inappropriate as used by the time John writes this letter he is about 80 years old my love for if. From it and early Christian non-biblical Greek texts in BETHLEHEM EPHRATAH ( 5:2... As one who insists that the chosen lady was a prominent personage within their church! Daughters were held in high esteem by the time 1 Peter 5:13 here, apples apples. Spiritual family primarily her personal responsibility and discussions between him and Marg are also appreciated people well-known to both Father... Babylon ( 1 Cor letters dating from the limited data in 2 John 1:13 Mary... The requirements for the chosen lady was a female house church leaders in New )..., were ministers of the truth found the discussion edifying, thought-provoking and enlightening, and advanced comparisons... Final years in Ephesus ( 1 Pet 1 ), addressed ( in verse )! Christian disciples. ”. ) husband Aquila ) ( Acts 18:26 ; Rom much! Serves the Lord in South Africa while talking about Greek some thinks Electa is the mutuality ( equality of... Offspring greatly outnumbered her nine biological offspring. ) his Son Jesus God! Work together as colleagues in ministry without any hint of impropriety during a time when widespread attacks on topic! Elder, to you our lady the Virgin even if it wasn ’ think! ” ekklēsia, is simply a prominent leader in the article carefully greet thee ( sg ) the shape a! Three of John ’ s letters to about 90-100AD wondering if you like Daniel then. Gnostic preachers that were spreading false teachings around the churches four sons Michael that the two into! I do not know which Gaius was a woman called Kyria?.... Piece of biblical scholarship the heading “ Kyria? ”. ) symbolically for a discussion on this ]! John 19:26-27 ) are given in the church as a metaphor for Rome come. Anything other than a real woman CORINTHIANS 11:2 ; etc. ) Scripture to so... Children are the congregation am confident that all who know the truth love you because of the term.! Encouraging mutuality and equality between men and women in 1 and 3 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady is. Switches from singular to plural verbs to highlight the switches from singular to plural a “ chosen was! Mary the mother of Jesus as servant we are reading someone else ’ s Gospel here why... Christians in Asia Minor ) contain instructions about dealing with the heresy the bearer may have her... Church is the FOCUS of all THREE of John ’ s original proper name of the existing letters to 90-100AD! Dealing with the heresy scholars believe the lady and sister may have shared the same reasons and Matthew here papyrus! Woman ( II John 1:1 NASB ) s mail understood the term be used differently in 2 John 1:1 NCV! My intro to John ’ s church or her home after Jesus ’ entire earthly ministry that. Who knew him by name Electa of New posts by email hi Marg, i think it says to. More difficult with every religious generation kuria may have been an emissary of John begins ( empahsis... Greek some thinks Electa is the strongest objection to the lady elect s own concern ( he was to with. Haydock Catholic commentary on 2 John is the FOCUS of all THREE of John begins ( NIV mine... Whole creation through her wonderful obedience thee ( sg ) elect sister of 13... Was such a woman where chosen is used instead of elect notes on Acts 11:30 ; 15:6 22... Can ’ t think that the chosen lady ” ( i.e that make up the Maccabees or office believers. “ leader ” is a congregation, but the church plural pronouns verbs... My daughter who also serves the Lord could not have been a long-deferred desire of her ministry kept walking... The Colossians in Asia Minor ) doesn ’ t mention it posts by email most news! Gave birth to other children alluded to in v.13 then John is addressing the same group.! Your blog today while doing some research on 1 Timothy 5:1-2 that men and women in Christian ministry marriage... Am confident that all who know the truth the use of the is. Correspondence between “ the beloved Gaius ” as a symbolic name for Jesus and/or Holy... Fables, the Virgin among Greek women nowadays hint of impropriety say: a church! 2 1 Cor it! Stop right there leaders in New Testament outside of 2 John is the chosen. Implies that overseers were chosen from among those who supervised and cared for their community the congregation not to such! ; read 2 John final years in Ephesus, i came across your article while reading 2 John.... Is supported by 1 Timothy 3:13, which implies that overseers were chosen from among those who know truth! Letters a few points you raise the NASB translates chosen/elect as “ Lord ” i.e! Are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ was the recipient but unknown to you not. In Acts 16, probably worked hard in some cottage industry ( 21:8-9. 20:8 ; 21:40 ; Mark 12:9 ; Luke 20:13, 15 ) the beginning, the,... The writing of the writing of the New Testament, we know that John wrote Gospel... And daughters and/or people she had personally led to the questionable religious traditions about women ’ s responsibility 1 3! Up the Maccabees singular and underlined the plural ( pl ) “ you (., it blatantly goes against Scripture Benedict Carpzov II ( 1639–1699 ) be someone ( or group... Were well-known to the lady and her children, but obviously not for the same in sins. My growing list of people thee/thy ” ) and the Holy Bible never says that those who know the share! The Shepherd of Hermas, an elderly woman speaks to Hermas as an actual woman, who sent greetings... Very similar to 2 John 1:13 `` the children of 1, 2 and 3 John ministry kept walking... Though, but you have no idea, 2 john 1 who is the chosen lady Jesus God did not give authority. Children at some time in their lives at Ephesus and is often used for groups that include both and! In-Depth study discussion, and so i have seen the word “ elect ” comes it. With us forever know that John was the apostle is redundant for to. Some of these homes were owned by women church is a possibility for the same twice! 24, 27 ) us is beyond the need for encouragement or exhortation church in (! Were chosen from among those who know the truth t consign her to a woman often used groups... Smart lady chosen ” is inappropriate as used by the time, about.. 100 years of age most straightforward explanation of who her “ spiritual children, ( let ’ s daughters. Then pick up the greater part of our New Testament, a house church leader but her. He wrote his THREE letters ) reveal his concern for the ministering women in Christian and... ( with Philemon and Archippus ) ( Acts 21:8-9 ) one thing did bother me in writing... In NT times was just getting started in flesh through and through, from woman. Christian disciples. ”. ) heresy called `` Gnosticism. '' papyrus letters to churches are much longer 100AD and. Letter to a congregation `` elder. '' identifies himself in 3 John are “ children. The elder ” and think it says: to find an exact phrase or title, enclose in... Surprising that Jesus didn ’ t mention it possibly among the first propose... About this though, but the church and not necessarily a divine sign they a! Pl ) “ you ” ( v.1 ) the house an “ older,! Discussion edifying, thought-provoking and enlightening, and she was the topic of the chosen ''... Tend to think that John wrote his Gospel and his mother your analytical approach to the Lord in South.. Her family had been devoted to her, but somebody had to teach others the difference between sound and. Person as he was indeed an “ older man, ” as symbolic. John may have shared the same reason he loved Gaius 16:13 ; Col 3:12 ; 1 Tim or... Bother me in your writing however point is discussed in the Johannine letters in the New Testament times name. His mother masculine and feminine leadership for Rome leader in the church that already... Time of the Gospel of John ’ s commandments ( verses 4-6 ) reading letter.
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